National Aviation Safety Team (NAST)
The ICAO Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), which was reaffirmed by the 33rd
Session of the ICAO Assembly in 2001, stressed the need for a reduction in the
rate of fatal accidents in air transport operations.
GASP endorses the concept of concentrating the safety-related activities
of ICAO on those safety initiatives - planned or currently underway - which
offer the best safety dividends in terms of reducing the accident rate.
Additionally, GASP encourages States to foster regional and sub-regional
safety groups for the purpose of furthering the global safety effort.
In keeping with the broad objectives of GASP, two major safety initiatives have
been established i.e. the Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) established in
June 1998 by the United States, as part of the Federal Aviation
Administrationís (FAA) Safer Skies agenda and the Joint Strategic Safety
Initiative (JSSI), also established in 1998 by the States represented by the
Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA).
Both the initiatives draw upon a broad base of experts from government agencies,
airlines, manufacturers, aviation associations, labour unions, and other
safety-related organizations. The
focus of their efforts resulted from a rigorous analysis of accidents, which
occurred over the most recent ten-year period for which significant data was
available. Herein the major causes
of accidents were identified and categorized, and priorities were assigned to
for the purpose of pursuing remedial actions.
Top accident categories being examined by these two groups are:
- Controlled flight into terrain
- Approach and landing
- Loss of Control
- Uncontained engine failures
- Runway incursions
4. The CAST and JSSI work in close co-operation to analyze significant
worldwide accidents/ incidents, develop recommendations for improvement actions,
and commit/ monitor implementation completion.
In addition, some members from each group actively participate in the
other group on a regular basis.
In order to play an active role in the global effort to reduce accidents,
South Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (SARAST) was formally constituted in
January 2002 by the COSCAP-SA Steering Committee.
While SARAST is the regional forum to examine and provide the regional
mechanisms for approved safety interventions, the States themselves must take
the required action for implementation. This
action requires adaptation of the SARAST outputs to reflect the States
regulatory regime and/ or action that may have been taken previously by the
State to resolve a particular safety concern.
There may also be some safety issues that are unique to a particular
State that may be better resolved in the context of a national forum.
Additionally many of the safety interventions developed by SARAST may require
involvement across many functional areas.
6. To take
appropriate implementation action of the SARAST and resolve national safety
issues, each SAARC participating State is required to form a National Aviation
Safety Team (NAST) at the State level and therefore, in line with the COSCAP-SA
Steering Committee decision, the NAST team of India will constitute of the
following officers from DGCA, Airline Industry and the Service Provider.
The team leader and the members of NAST have been outlined in NAST formation order no. 3/2/2001-AI(1) dated 7th November 2007
The objective of the National Aviation Safety Team (NAST) is to review outputs
from the SARAST and to adapt the outputs for implementation in India in a
coordinated manner. In
addition, the NAST will review, analyze and develop recommendations on safety
issues that are particular only to India.
2. To accomplish the objectives, the team:
1) Reviews, for implementation within India, safety interventions that have been developed by SARAST;
2) Reviews safety issues unique to India, which may warrant locally developed interventions; and
3) Works closely with service providers, airlines, manufacturers, industry and labor associations, and other appropriate organizations to ensure that interventions are implemented through a coordinated effort.
3. The NAST Team Leader is the member of SARAST
to ensure an understanding of the SARAST outputs and provide regular feedback to
SARAST on the activities of NAST.
4. The NAST meets as necessary but as a minimum at least four times each year.
5. The NAST provides the DGCA with regular reports on the activities of NAST and
the status of the implementation of SARAST and NAST recommendations.